Situational Context

As the world’s largest archipelagic state, Indonesia’s ocean and sea play an important role economically, politically and culturally. Surrounded by bodies of water that is nearly four times larger than its land area, Indonesia's economy, geopolitics, culture and natural environment is shaped by the country’s seas.

Indonesia is renowned for the wealth of its marine resources and fisheries. Effective management is a prerequisite for its continuous supply. As with other countries around the world, Indonesia’s marine and fisheries sectors are facing serious challenges. The management of these sectors are often complicated by the country’s complex political scene and competing economic and environmental interests.

The Indonesian government has laid out a number of strategic priorities, including improving the enforcement of Indonesia’s sovereignty over its own maritime space and by defining the country's standing as an emerging and strategic maritime power. The government have set the course, by establishing the foundation for sovereignty, sustainability, and prosperity, for maritime affairs, including management of marine resources and fisheries.