Indonesia's aquaculture production is mainly divided into three categories according to their water characteristics: marine-culture, brackish-water aquaculture, and fresh-water aquaculture. The sustainability of aquaculture and the associated ecosystems depend, among others, on the species being bred, their production systems, and the intensity of their production methods.
The intersection of several issues—spatial planning, coastal zoning, economic development and diversification as well as food security—highlights the need for policies to be synchronized to better address challenges facing aquaculture. Keeping the different needs synergized is vital to the sustainable growth of Indonesian aquaculture.
Key Production Activities in Aquaculture: Risks and Ways towards Sustainability
Nearly half of the earth’s population depends on seafood as primary protein. Indonesia, currently the world’s third-largest producers of seafood in aquaculture farms, puts a high target in fisheries sector (from 8% of the total GDP in 2017 to 11% this year). To meet this target, Indonesia will grow its aquaculture sector due to the decline in production of capture fisheries. This article discusses the key aquaculture production activities: Hatchery, Farming, Feed Production, and Processing.